It is now the flu season. CIS has put together a simple guide to share with everyone. Download the full version at the end of this article.
If you find that your child has a headache and other fever symptoms, please take them to see a doctor. If they are diagnosed with the flu, please let their homeroom teacher know right away. We will continue to use UV disinfection in all classrooms for 60 minutes every day, and we will also disinfect all the items in all classrooms.
What is Influenza?
Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death.
The virus classification of influenza viruses are RNA viruses that make up three of the five genera of the family Orthomyxoviridae. Influenzavirus A、B and C. It’s an ever-changing virus and spreads very quickly, especially in Janurary to March and July to August.
What are the Symptoms?
- Fever with or without chills
- Lack of appetite
- Sore throat
- Running nose
- Body ache
Difference Between Cold or FLU
A cold is a milder respiratory illness than the flu. While cold symptoms can make you feel bad for a few days. Flu symptoms can make you feel quite ill for a few days to weeks.
Cold symptoms usually begin with a sore throat, which usually goes away after a day or two. Nasal symptoms, runny nose, and congestion follow, along with a cough by the fourth and fifth days. Fever is uncommon in adults, but a slight fever is possible. Children are more likely to have a fever with a cold. With cold symptoms, your nose teems with watery nasal secretions for the first few days. Later, these become thicker and darker.
Whether a person has typical seasonal flu or swine flu, the symptoms seem to be quite similar. Flu symptoms are usually more severe than cold symptoms and come on quickly. Symptoms of swine flu and seasonal flu include sore throat, fever, headache, muscle aches and soreness, congestion, and cough. Swine flu in particular is also associated with vomiting and diarrhea.
How Influenza Spreads?
Most experts think that flu viruses are spread mainly by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
How to Prevent？
Step 1 – Be Prepared
Step 2 – Get Vaccinated
Step 3 – Keep Hands Clean
Step 4 – Use Mask Properly
Step 5 – Know How Influenza Presents
Step 6 – Manage Fever Well
Step 7 – Have a Healthy Lifestyle
Steps to Good Hand Washing
- Apply liquid soap and rub hands together to make a soapy lather
- Massage all the fingers properly for at least 20 seconds
- Rinse hands thoroughly under running water
- Dry hands thoroughly with clean cotton towel / paper towel / hand dryer
- The tap may be turned off by using the towel wrapping the faucet
Points to note about wearing a surgical mask
- The mask should fit snugly over the face
- Try not to touch the mask once it is secured on your face. If you must do so, wash your hands before and after touching the mask
- When taking off the mask, avoid touching the outside of the mask
- After taking off the mask, put the mask into a plastic or paper bag before putting it into a rubbish bin with a lid
- A surgical mask should be changed at least daily
- Replace the mask immediately if it is damaged or soiled
People who should wear masks:
- Patients with respiratory infection symptoms
- Caregivers of patients with respiratory infection symptoms
- Visitors of clinics or hospitals
Self-care tips of fever
Check body temperature regularly. Take antipyretics. Symptoms persistent, severe or getting worse, consult a doctor.